The seventeenth annual conference of food and water security was held in the United Arab Emirates on 25th and 26th of March, 2012 under the patronage of the Lt General Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, wherein the conference had discussed 12 documents concerning the food and water crisis in the Arab world in general and the Gulf countries in particular.
What makes the conference an important memory is the new strategic challenges that the Gulf countries counter as the Gulf states are amongst the driest countries in the world and the most lacking in natural water resources.
Water is a basic requirement for food production. The daily drinking water requirement for one person is 2-4 litres yet it takes two to five thousand litres to produce one person’s daily food. As population growth and urbanization increase the demand for water, we are simultaneously witnessing a reduction in clean and fresh water access through drought, climate change, pollution and increased costs for desalination.
However, depending on desalinating sea water to obtain drinking water is an ineffective solution because desalination requires a vast investment of both capital as well as energy.